When Pakistan was declared as a separate country in 1947, Karachi was chosen as the Capital of Pakistan. During this period, the city offered shelter to a huge influx of migrants and refugees that came from the Indian province. In 1960, the capital of Pakistan was first moved to Rawalpindi and then to Islamabad. Still Karachi never lost its importance as the economic centre of Pakistan. The Municipal Corporation of Karachi was upgraded to Metropolitan Corporation in 1976. Again on 14th August 2001, City District Government of Karachi was reorganized in 18 Town Administrations and 178 Union Councils.
The towns are sub-divided into 178 localities governed by elected union councils (UC’s), which are the core element of the local government system. The Karachi metro covers an area around 3,527 km². The mixed populations of economic and political migrants and refugees from different national, provincial, linguistic and religious origins play a vital role in the economical growth of the city.
As the city is located on the coast of Arabian Sea; it tends to have a moderate climate due to marine affects. The average rainfall of the city is around 7 inches per annum. However, the city experiences bulk precipitation during the monsoon season in July-August. Summers are scorching in the city, with May and June being the hottest months of the year, when temperatures often reach the 43°C mark. Winters are mild and January is the coldest month with temperature as low as 5°C. Winter is the best time to visit the city and July, December and January have a pleasing weather when most of the social events frequently take place in the city.
Karachi is the most populated city of Pakistan and home for Country’s some of the important cultural institutions. The city has some important museums that include National Museum of Pakistan and the Mohatta Palace Museum. These museums offer exhibitions regularly. The National Academy of Performing Arts, located in the newly renovated Hindu Gymkhana, the National Arts Council, the All Pakistan Musical Conference and the Kara Film Festival offer some very popular cultural events in the city.
The city of Karachi is well-known to the world as the commercial and financial capital of Pakistan. The Karachi generates about 25% of the national GDP. It also has its share of 65% in generating the national revenue that includes federal and provincial taxes, customs and surcharges. In 2007, Karachi was identified as the most business-friendly city in Pakistan by World Bank. The city has a very large and diverse economy. It is home for some of the largest and most dynamic industrial complexes in the country such as Sindh Industrial & Trading Estate (SITE), Korangi Industrial & Trade Estate, FB Area, North Karachi Industrial & Trade Estate, Dhabeji and Port Qasim etc. SITE Manghopir is the largest industrial park of the country comprising about 4000 factories. The areas like I.I. Chundrigar Road, Sharah-e-Faisal, Clifton and Defense are the main business hub of Karachi.
Most of Pakistan’s public and private banks, insurance companies have their head offices in Karachi. Many of Pakistan’s independent television and radio channels such as Geo, ARY, Hum and AAJ TV, KTN, Sindh TV are headquartered in Karachi. The city also offers the scope for expansion of tertiary sector and retail trade. The largest stock exchange of Pakistan is situated in Karachi. Jinnah International Airport situated in Karachi is the largest international airport in Pakistan.
Karachi, A business hub; A City of light is situated in the southern part of Pakistan. Apart from a business center, this city offers a wide range of attractions for visitors from the beaches to British styled buildings. It is also encloses a prosperous in a market that offers a variety of famous items especially on the streets of Saddar and Tariq Road. This city is famous for Pakistani cuisine, not only in the urban areas but also on the highways. Overall, this is a city full of attractions, food hubs, and market places all at one place.
Taxi and private cars are the best option for transportation. A bus system is not maintained properly and is over-crowded in the peak hours. So it is always better to rely on taxis or on private transportation. It is necessary to check whether taximeters are working properly or else negotiate on the fares before setting off to the particular destination. Precautions should be taken while driving on the main roads and it is necessary to drive on the left side of the road. Roads are in better conditions now and few improvements like signal free underpasses, railways, and expressways helps to move traffic smoothly.
When to Travel
Best time to visit this city is at any point in time of the year due to its warm climate. Normally temperature is quite high in summer season and mainly due to high humidity. To an extent, it can be quite sweltering in the daytime. So normally, tourists prefer to visit this city during late winter or early spring when climate is cool and pleasant. Rainfall is from the month of July to September.