Archaeological Ruins at Moenjodaro of the Indus Valley Civilization

The Archaeological Ruins at Moenjodaro or Mohenjo-daro are the leftovers of a city of the Indus Valley Civilization, in present Sindh, Pakistan. The city was built in the order of 2600 BC, and was abandoned around 1700 BC. It was rediscovered in the 1920s.

On the west side of the Indus, 580 km Karachi, lies Mohenjo-Daro (Mound of the Dead), an archaeological location which has been rated amongst the most amazing of the world’s ancient cities. Known as one of the initial and most developed of municipal civilizations, Mohenjo-Daro flourished from the third to the middle of the second millennium B.C.

When it gone astray leaving only signs of its traditions. Mohenjo-Daro along with Harappa (in the Punjab), some 1280 km away – shaped part of the Indus basin civilization and it is now usually supposed that these were the cities, referred to in the Rigveda that were smashed by the Aryan invaders.

The town planning at Mohenjo-Daro was realistic and at a high level. Its main thoroughfares were some 91m broad and were crossed by straight streets that created blocks 364 m in length and 182/273m in width. The city’s mud-brick walls and baked brick houses were made to make certain the protection of its occupants so that in times of earthquakes the structures fall down outwards. It had an elaborate enclosed drainage system, Deep pits for dumping bins, a state granary, a large and impressive building that could have been a palace and a citadel mound with solid burnt-brick towers on its border. Judging from the leftovers, the Great Hall was perhaps the most remarkable of its structures, comprising an open courtyard with verandahs of four sides’ galleries and rooms at the backside, a number of halls, and a large bathing pool perhaps used for religious or formal bathing. Close to the archaeological site is the Mohenjo-Daro Museum that houses finds from the excavations. These include, amongst other things, carved seals, ornaments, utensils, pottery, artillery, figurines and toys.

Visitors wishing to stay for the night can put up at the archaeological department’s rest house or the newly built PTDC Motel, which also has a restaurant. Room charges are very reasonable. Nearby Sukkur and Mohenjo-Daro, can be reached by air, rail and road from Karachi.

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