The ruins of Taxila from the Gandhara Civilization

As per a marvel, the city of Taxila was revealed in 7th or 6th century BC by the son of the famous Rama’s brother – Bharat; whose name was Taksa. It is said that the early city was atop a hill overlooking the Tamra Nala River that is the tributary of Indus. Now recognized as Bhir, this place was a fundamental cultural center where the great Indian epic – Mahabharata was first narrated. Upon the excavation, it was found that the housing zone occupied the east part, while the west was a zone of the traditional functions. There is also a prominent ‘Pillared Hall’ that is deemed to be a sanctuary that is considered as the most ancient temple of the Hindus.


The ruins of Taxila include a myriad of different remnants of the edifices as well as Buddhist stupas that reside in a large area. At present, the key ruins are split into the three main towns each of which belongs to an exclusive time phase. Of these, the oldest one is the Hathial area that yielded sherds on the surface, which are a bit like the silky red goods and might belong to the 6th century B.C. to 2nd century B.C. Sirkap is the second city of Taxila, which was made by the Greco-Bactrian kings somewhere in the 2nd century B.C.; while the third city is at Sirsukh, which links itself to the Kushan Emperors.

In addition to ruins of the Taxila city, an array of the Buddhist stupas as well as monasteries is also seen here. In this class, a few important remains include the stupa at Dharmarajika, the monastery at Mohra Muradu, the monastery at Jaulian, and a number of stupas. Additionally, one will also come across the ruins of Gandhara civilization, the old Buddhist/Hindu civilization, the leftovers of the Mughal gardens, and odds and ends of the renowned Grand Trunk Road made by the Emperor Sher Shah Suri somewhere around the 15th to 16th centuries.

Apart from this, the Taxila Museum is also appeal a look in which the ruins of Gandhara civilization are housed. It is quite a marvelous one wherein there also exists an excellent album of the old coins. It might happen that this zone of the museum would be closed, so ask a guard to open it. Further, this guard will also act as a guide to assist you in exploring the museum. As Taxila was a education centre, you can also see many ancient universities.


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